Northeast Brazil Birding
Day 1: Serra do Baturité

After arriving at the airport, we will head south to Serra do
Baturité. The Serra do Baturité is an isolated mountain
range carpeted with a semi-arid woodland but with some
evergreen forest that provides the habitat for a set of
endemic species and many other much more widespread
species including Laughing Falcon, Yellow-chevroned
Parakeet, Ruby-topaz Hummingbird, Gould's Toucanet,
Ocraceous Piculet, Little Woodpecker, Wing-banded
Hornero, Pale-legged Hornero, Pinto's Spinetail, Ochre-
cheeked Spinetail, Gray-headed Spinetail, Rufous-
breasted Leaftosser, Great Antshrike, White-fringed
Antwren, Short-tailed Antthrush, Rufous Gnateater (ssp.
cearae), Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant, Band-tailed
Manakin, Orange-headed Tanager, Red-necked Tanager
cearensis) and Pectoral Sparrow.
Night in Guaramiranga.

Day 2: Morning birding in Serra do Baturité and mid-
morning transfer to the Serra do Araripe

This morning will be spent looking for some of the species
that might have eluded us the previous day. The heat of
the day will be devoted to travel, with a few worthy stops
on the way to the Serra do Araripe, especially to look for
the local Pygmy Nightjar, Black-bellied Whistling-Duck,
Comb Duck, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, Rufous-fronted
Thornbird and Caatinga Cachalote.
Night in Crato.

Day 3: Full day birding in the Serra do Araripe

The Serra do Araripe National Park is the first national
park set aside in Brazil (1946) but amazingly the striking
Araripe Manakin remained unknown to science until
recently. The 39,260,000 hectare park is an escarpment
standing out in the dry Caatinga, providing the proper set
up for various habitats where we will be looking for White-
browed Guan, Tropical Screech-Owl, Common (Gray)
Potoo, Little Nightjar, Cinnamon-throated Hermit, Tawny
Piculet, Gray-headed Spinetail, Great Xenops, Red-
shouldered Spinetail, Silvery-cheeked Antshrike, Planalto
Slaty-Antshrike, Caatinga Antwren, White-browed
Antpitta, Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant, Ash-throated
Casiornis, Araripe Manakin, Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin,
Gray-eyed Greenlet, White-naped Jay, Moustached
Wren, Ultramarine Grosbeak and Cinnamon Tanager.
Night in Crato.

Day 4: Early morning birding the Serrado Araripe
before transferring to the Serra do Baturite

Early morning birding in the Serra do Araripe looking for
some of the species that may have eluded us the day
before, like White-bellied Nothura, Plain-breasted Ground-
Dove, Spotted Piculet, Ochre-cheeked Spinetail, Rufous-
breasted Leaftosser, Black-bellied Antwren and
Flavescent Warbler. We will then drive to Crato and bird
Serra do Baturte before heading to the airport at about
12:30 PM. We will check in to our flights and have lunch.
By about 1:20 PM, we will need to be at the airport to
catch our flights. We will take the Gol Linhas Aereas
Flight at 2:35 PM, arriving at 3:45 PM in Recife.  

In Recife, we will take our transport heading to the
Reserva Biológica Saltinho. We will have time for some
late afternoon birding at the Reserve.
Night in Tamandaré

Day 5: Full day birding the Reserva do Saltinho and

The 528 hectare De Saltinho Biological Reserve and the
Ucina Trapiche forest are some of the few remnants of
forest in this otherwise devastated region, and are the
home to rare species like the White-necked Hawk, Golden-
tailed Parrotlet, Pernambuco Pygmy-Owl, Racket-tailed
Coquette, Pinto's Spinetail, Orange-bellied Antwren,
Willis's Antbird (endemic subspecies
sabinoi), Seven-
colored Tanager, Yellow-faced Siskin and Forbes’s
Blackbird, among others.
Night in Tamandaré.

Day 6: Early morning birding the Reserva do
Saltinho and Trapiche before driving to União dos

One last morning searching the Saltinho, before we head
further south to the Alagoas State. In Alagoas we will
search for Seven-colored Tanager, Gray-breasted Crake,
Russet-crowned Crake, Rufous-sided Crake and the very
local Forbes's Blackbird. União dos Palmares will be our
base to access the famous Murici forest.
Night in União dos Palmares.

Day 7: Full day visiting and birding the Murici Forest

The Murici Ecological Reserve and its surroundings (the
nearby forest Cerro do Ouro is the home of the rare
White-collared Kite) are some of the last remnants of
pristine forest in the region. Encompassing 6250
hectares, this reserve is the last stronghold for many rare
species, a few of them only recently described to science.
To visit the Murici Reserve at an appropriate hour we will
have to start our day leaving the hotel well before first
light. The discomfort created by this early start will be
vastly compensated with views of the astonishing
avifauna. The most important specialties here are the
White-collared Kite, Alagoas Foliage-gleaner (extremely
rare), Alagoas Antwren (very are, an extremely localized
species), Orange-bellied Antwren (VERY RARE), Alagoas
Tyrannulet and Seven-colored Tanager. Other species to
look for here include Speckled Chachalaca (spp
araucuan), Collared Forest-Falcon, Ash-throated Crake,
Red-shouldered Macaw, Reddish Hermit, Margaretta's
Hermit, Black Jacobin, Long-tailed Woodnymph, Black-
throated Mango, Black-eared Fairy, Stripe-breasted
Starthroat, Black-necked Aracari, Rusty-breasted Nunlet,  
Golden-spangled Piculet, Pinto's Spinetail, Red-stained
Woodpecker, Black-tailed Leaftosser, White-shouldered
Antshrike (ssp
distans), Rufous-winged Antwren, White-
fringed Antwren, Willis's Antbird, White-backed Fire-eye
pernambucensis), Scalloped Antbird, Black-cheeked
Gnateater  (ssp.
nigrifrons) and White-eyed Tody-Tyrant.
Night in União dos Palmares.

Day 8: Full day birding the Murici Forest

This morning will be spent looking for some of the species
that might have eluded us the previous day, like Grayish
Mourner, Bright-rumped Attila, Black-headed Berryeater,
White-winged Cotinga, Bufft-hroated Purpletuft (the rare
and isolated subspecies
leucopyga), Screaming Piha,
Blue-backed Manakin, White-bearded Manakin, Red-
headed Mankin, Long-billed Gnatwren, Yellowish Pipit,
Opal-rumped Tanager, Red-necked Tanager, Red-
legged Honeycreeper, Yellow-backed Tanager, Flame-
crested Tanager, Violaceous Euphonia, Chestnut-bellied
Euphonia and Black-throated Grosbeak. This will be a
good chance to walk new trails that will translate to new
birds too.
Night in União dos Palmares.

Day 9: Early morning birding our Hotel grounds in
União dos Palmares before driving to Jeremoabo

This morning we will spend the best birding hours of the
day according to our avian needs. Birds we will aim to
see: Jandaya Parakeet, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Swallow-
tailed Hummingbird, White-vented Violetear, Ruby-topaz
Hummingbird, Sombre Hummingbird, Green-backed
Becard, Chestnut-vented Conebill, Guira Tanager, White-
headed Marsh-Tyrant, Tropical Gnatcatcher, White-
throated Seedeater and Pale Baywing. We will especially
aim to see the Murici endemics before taking our long
drive to Jeremoabo. We will be trying to arrive in the early
afternoon, giving us the opportunity to look for the Lear's
(Indigo) Macaw before the sun sets. Night in Jeremoabo.

Day 10: Early morning looking for the Lear's Macaw
and midmorning transfer to Aracaju

Only 400+ individuals of the critically endangered Lear's
Macaw are known to exist in the wild and the ranch we will
be visiting is in the core of their range, which is also the
home for the Red-legged Seriema, Blue-crowned
Parakeet, Cactus Parakeet, Spot-backed Puffbird,
Spotted Piculet, Green-barred Flicker, Narrow-billed
Wodcreeper, Silvery-cheeked Antshrike, Barred
Antshrike, Stripe-backed Antbird, Black-bellied Antwren,
White Monjita, Long-billed Wren, Hooded Tanager,
Pileated Finch, Red-cowled Cardinal and Campo Oriole.
This very same day we will set out on a drive to take us to
the coastal town of Aracaju in the state of Sergipe.
Night Hotel in Aracaju.

Day 11: Morning birding near Crasto and afternoon
transfer to Salvador

This early morning we will be looking for the rare and local
Fringe-backed Fire-eye and Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike,
the rare Pectoral Antwren and Cinnamon-vented Piha.
After lunch we will continue south to Salvador to end the
main part of the trip.
Night in Salvador
Detailed Itinerary
Araripe Manakin
Photo by Lelis Navarrete
Lear's Macaw
Photo by Lelis Navarrete
Northeast Brazil
More Details on This Trip
Please call Charles (in the USA at 720-320-1974 or toll free at 888-203-7464) or Ian
(in the UK at 07719-052820), and/or email Also feel free to click
Gray-breasted Parakeet
Photo by Lelis Navarrete
Silver-cheeked Antshrike
Photo by Lelis Navarrete
Pygmy Nightjar
Photo by Lelis Navarrete